Tag: Milton Erickson

What is Indirect Hypnosis?

by Hypnotizer on Sep.16, 2010, under Hypnosis

Indirect hypnosis is a form of conversational hypnosis that was developed by the American psychiatrist and hypnotist Milton Erickson. Milton Erickson is recognized as the first hypnotist to use a form of hypnosis that allowed subjects to be hypnotized at their own pace through non-authoritative triggers and instructions.

Prior to Milton Erickson, hypnotists used very direct, authoritative language that commanded subjects to bend to the will of the hypnotist using instant hypnosis inductions to achieve deep hypnosis. Milton Erickson realized that using an indirect hypnosis that allowed subjects to decide for themselves to become hypnotized could be much more powerful.

Erickson had learned from his background in clinical psychiatry that the human mind is designed to resist direct commands from a source that it does not trust. His style of conversational hypnosis, Ericksonian Hypnosis, invites the unconscious mind to respond to indirect suggestions rather than authoritative commands.

Rather than inducing a forced state of hypnosis through a pattern break or traditional induction, this type of conversational hypnosis will often begin with phrases like “you have the ability to go into a trance.” This indirect hypnosis method allows both the conscious mind and the unconscious mind of the subject to decide to become hypnotized.

When indirect hypnosis is performed correctly, the subject will meet the hypnotist more than halfway throughout the session by filling in the details that the hypnotist has left out with his own images, metaphors and aspirations. The hypnotist leaves numerous gaps in his instructions from beginning to end so that the unconscious mind can create more meaningful connections on its own.

These gaps that are included in the indirect hypnosis of Milton Erickson are often referred to as “artful vagueness.” This “artful vagueness” was later adopted by linguists John Grinder and Richard Bandler to form the foundations of neuro-linguistic programming (NLP).

This type of conversational hypnosis is particularly effective in therapeutic and medical hypnosis when a subject has specific goals that he is trying to work toward. For example, a subject’s unconscious mind is much more receptive to the suggestion “you can become a sober human being” when under hypnosis than “you will stop drinking alcohol.”

Indirect hypnosis is also an excellent technique to use with individuals who are particularly resistant to the concept of hypnotism. This method lets them consciously decide to become hypnotized and have much more control over the experience than traditional hypnosis.

Author Bio

Indirect Hypnosis and Conversational Hypnosis are part of Ericksonian Hypnosis and are the corner stones of many effective hypnotic trance inductions today.

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A Guide to Trance Land – Review

by Hypnotizer on Sep.04, 2010, under Hypnosis

This slim volume is a clear-cut guide to the hypnotically permissive manner of encouraging clients to uncover their own solutions.

O’Hanlon distinguishes this solution-oriented hypnotherapy from what he calls the traditional approach with its emphasis on treating the “causes” of problems and the outside-in focus of the hypnotherapist telling the client what to do to overcome her pathology.

“Ericksonian or solution-oriented hypnosis holds no such assumption of pathology, problem, damage, or deficit. Instead, we are oriented to people’s abilities and resources. Therefore, we use the hypnotic process to discover and connect to [to the person's inner] resources.”

This “permissive” approach is in direct contrast to the old way of conducting a session of hypnotherapy. Instead of speaking of “shoulds” and “musts” the hypnotist speaks of “perhaps” and “maybes”. The idea is both to meet the client where he or she is and to allow solutions to their problems to arise from within them.

Despite the author’s demarcation of his approach as being radically different to traditional hypnotherapy in practice surely most of us incorporate something of both methods?

Just the other day, for instance, when a Christian client spoke of herself as being immature, I said perhaps that’s true but she is moving forward and as St Paul said. “When I was a child…” and continued with the Biblical quote that was meaningful and relevant to her. Meeting the client where she is now.

O’Hanlon rightly warns (in regard to using the client’s vocabulary) “it is important to be careful here and not come across as mocking or disrespectful…”

I certainly don’t want to be “mocking or disrespectful” about this Guide but here are four items that raised my eyebrows:

1. I find the cover, with its big dog looking down at a cat, puzzling for a book about human hypnosis.

2. On almost every page there is a rubber-stamp type black and white image of an animal or bird. Contrary to the author’s assertion that such designs make the book easier to read and memorable I find these images distracting. At first glance, the book appears to be a book about pets or for children. It is neither.

3. Some of the suggested “therapeutic” behaviors are downright comical. For example, what would you think about a hypnotherapist who bounces around, speaking into your left ear while emphasizing “you can make those changes you really want to make.”

4. What have become known as NLP [Neuro-Linguistic Programming] techniques are, in my opinion, manipulative and dishonest. This one, from page 31, is both. And funny:

“The hypnotist sometimes mirrors the person’s posture or movements as a way of joining and connecting. For example, when a person crosses and uncrosses his legs, the hypnotist also crosses and uncrosses her legs. Another way to match body behavior is to vary some part of your behavior when the person changes his body behavior. That is, every time he blinks, you nod.”

Despite such hilarious portions of the book, the main thrust provides invaluable instruction for hypnotherapists – particularly those hitherto inclined to bark orders at their clients.

To this end, Bill O’Hanlon provides many specific examples of what to say and how to say it. Much of this is derived from the genius of the late Milton Erickson whose (at that time) unorthodox methods of hypnotherapy have become dogma for some devotees.

Unfortunately, you can’t package genius. How Erickson dealt with people arose from his unique talents. We can be inspired by him, we can imitate his respectful approach but we stifle the very essence of his permissive attitude when we seek to encapsulate his methods into rigid rules.

Nevertheless, the synthesis of the Ericksonian approach that O’Hanlon details at the end of the book is masterful.

Hypnotherapists new to the field and those previously stuck in the “traditional” mode will find these instructions enlightening. Especially the chapter, “Bad Trance/ Good Trance” with its table of “Symptomatic Trance vs. Healing Trance.”

Enjoy scores of reviews of hypnosis in fiction and non-fiction plus reviews of books by and about therapists at Dr Bryan Knight’s informative website Hypnosis Depot.

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What Style of Hypnotherapy is Right For You?

by Hypnotizer on Aug.29, 2010, under Hypnosis

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Nearby are several styles of hypnotherapy so as to are commonly adopted by practitioners and not all styles toil well on behalf of all clients. Single way to access I beg your pardon? Approach might toil top on behalf of you is to respond to this question: How carry out you normally respond to individuals influential you WhatTo carry out? If you are the type of person who feels secure as soon as you maintain advice and in a straight line desires, the directive line of attack pray on the whole likely toil on behalf of you.

If you learn you are defiant as soon as individuals hint you I beg your What To carry out, a further permissive line of attack pray suit you better. As soon as you interview a prospective hypnotherapist you might care for to question her more or less her training and approach to discover if you pray feel comfortable and be present approachable to her line of attack. The following is a essential overview of the various styles of hypnotherapy to help you understand your options.

Directive line of attack

In the field of the directive line of attack, the hypnotherapist guides the client into a state of hypnosis and the hypnotherapist gives the client suggestions. Individuals are on the whole familiar with this line of attack to hypnotherapy as it is the skill so as to is on the whole alike to I beg your What We witness with stage hypnosis and get the drift in the field of the movies. And, clients expect so as to if they reach on behalf of a hypnotherapy session so as to the hypnotherapist pray undertake in a straight line suggestions.

All styles of hypnotherapy pray adopt aspects of this approach. Simply, influential the client to sit comfortably and to take a deep breath is a in a straight line proposal. If the client is impressionable, friendly and receptive to the process, and if the client is devoid of inner conflicts more or less the focus of the session, in a straight line proposal can toil. These “ifs” are the spacious issues with the in a straight line proposal line of attack. Further clients may perhaps not yet trust the hypnotherapist before trust their own abilities to respond to hypnosis. Clients may perhaps plus maintain misunderstandings more or less I beg your pardon? Hypnosis is and how it mechanism so as to contributes to anxiety more or less being hypnotized.

Misconceptions more or less What To expect from hypnosis can type it tiring on behalf of the client to relax and well up with the process. On behalf of illustration, many individuals falsely believe so as to the hypnotherapist can control them before type them carry out things they would not normally allow themselves to carry out.

But, on the whole importantly, clients often cannot respond to in a straight line suggestions as they approach in the field of on behalf of hypnotherapy living with many inner conflicts more or less the issues they care for to toil on. The subconscious’ limiting beliefs, disapproving attitudes, misconceptions, and encoded traumatic ancient experiences pray mostly override every assured suggestions.

On the whole experiments in the field of directive hypnosis are controlled with the handle of single express induction before script using in a straight line suggestions. The results in the field of these studies typically performance so as to not each person responds to in a straight line proposal. And, if a person responds to in a straight line proposal, it is probable so as to the suggestions pray wear inedible concluded instant as soon as a client has subliminal beliefs before perceptions so as to are opposite to the suggestions. If the directive line of attack doesn’t toil on behalf of each person and the effect of the suggestions can wear inedible,What Are particular alternative approaches to hypnosis?

Non-directive, Open-ended approach

—-> Hypnosis To Change Your Life (latest version)

The open-ended and further permissive approach of hypnosis came into trend in the field of the 1970’s and 1980’s, with the toil of a famous hypnotherapist and surgeon named Milton Erickson. In the field of the handle of hypnotherapy, Erickson is recognition on behalf of both credo remedial students hypnosis and working individually with patients. He qualified hypnosis by hypnotizing his students through story influential, using credo metaphors and by using hypnotic language patterns so as to articulate unequivocally to the unconscious. His hypnotic techniques are in force as they are a back access line of attack to the unconscious.

As a substitute of influential a client to close her eyes (a in a straight line suggestion), a hypnotherapist using a permissive approach of hypnosis might handle an embedded before permissive proposal like, “You notice so as to your eyes are friendly and you may perhaps learn you pray be present further comfortable as soon as you close your eyes.” in the field of this embedded proposal the language mirrors I beg your pardon? The client is already experiencing and so as to she has looseness to respond to the proposal, before not. The client’s unconscious, however “hears” the proposal, ” Close your eyes”. A permissive line of attack builds into the session so as to the client has option. The hypnotherapist’s utilizing I beg your pardon? Is already right and incident in the field of the process of hypnotizing the client takes the stress not on of whether the client can be present hypnotized and relieves the client’s conscious mind of the task of wondering before scrutinizing if she is “doing it right”.

Commonly, with an open-ended approach, the hypnotherapist pray handle the language of metaphor to teach the client further inner responses to situations before to increase the client’s perceptions and income more or less an circulation before catch. The client of this non-directive approach typically experiences hypnosis like being further organic, fluid and easy than the directive line of attack which requires the client’s eagerness and openness to respond to in a straight line suggestions. The client simply listens and goes with her natural responses to the process. She may perhaps close her eyes before experience the hypnotic state with her eyes friendly. This approach is brilliant on behalf of the client who fears being controlled, is unable to rest the mind babble on, before has self-consciousness so as to can create resistance to experiencing hypnosis.

Transpersonal line of attack

Somewhat further to the handle of hypnotherapy, but like old like the traditions of on the whole home-grown cultures, is the transpersonal line of attack to hypnotherapy. In the field of traditional hypnotherapy and psychology, nearby is an understanding so as to we maintain both a conscious and an unconscious aspect of mind. In the field of the transpersonal archetype, nearby is plus a superconscious aspect of mind so as to goes past the delicate self.

This super-conscious aspect is called by many names, such like: Upper Power, Atman, Christ inside, upper Self, before intuition, in the field of the transpersonal line of attack, this greater mind before upper Self is an dynamic co-therapist in the field of the hypnotherapy process. Of all the styles of hypnotherapy the transpersonal line of attack is the on the whole client-focused and non-directive. The client and hypnotherapist co-create the session through a verbal and energetic interchange like the session unfolds. The transpersonal line of attack is further more or less “being”, instead than “doing.”

Often the hypnotherapist pray unequivocally invoke the client’s inner wisdom and ask it on behalf of support in the field of guiding the session. The client accesses this wisdom and mechanism unequivocally with it in the field of trance through voice dialogue, symbolic letter and inner knowing so as to has in a straight line access to therapeutic, wisdom, insight and creativity. This approach wires the crop growing of the client’s ongoing connection with this inner wisdom. A trans-personal line of attack may perhaps likely include directive and non-directive languaging like desirable, depending on the inner guidance of the client’s upper Self.

Which approach is honorable on behalf of you?

Knowing more or less these various hypnotherapeutic approaches pray help you interview a hypnotherapist so you can become skilled at more or less his before her training and hypnotic approach. If you are a further client to hypnotherapy, you may perhaps not yet know I beg your pardon? Approach mechanism top on behalf of you. So perhaps, it pray be present clever to toil with someone who has training in the field of all the styles who can be present flexible in the field of his before her line of attack like you become skilled at more or less your own reaction. A trans-personal hypnotherapist can be present directive if required, but a traditional, directive hypnotherapist may perhaps not know more or less the further contemporary non-directive before transpersonal line of attack. Whatever line of attack you opt, accessing the state of hypnotic consciousness pray undertake you access to your inner income and the power to transform manually.

Holly Holmes-Meredith is a Doctor of office and a qualified marriage ceremony lineage Therapist who trains hypnotherapists by the side of HCH Institute in the field of Lafayette CA. Become skilled at further more or less hypnosis and its many healing uses by interpretation her other blogs on ancient life Therapy, Spirit Releasement Therapy, Manifesting your dreams and further.

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The Use of Biofeedback Devices in Hypnotherapy and Psychotherapy

by Hypnotizer on Aug.25, 2010, under Hypnosis

Biofeedback devices measure a range of physiological variables including brain waves (Electroencephalography), muscle tension (Electromyography) and the electrical conductivity of the skin (galvanic skin response). All of these variables indicate continuums of emotional arousal. It is precisely these measurements that are used in lie-detector machines as they pick up the most subtle of physiological changes – many outside of conscious awareness. Many biofeedback devices exist and create a feedback loop for the user. Having the ability to see these readings, the user can learn to gain control over these physiological measurements by relaxing and seeing (or hearing) measurements rise and fall in response to meditation, self-hypnosis or breathing techniques.

In my private hypnotherapy, psychotherapy and NLP practice, I sometimes elect to use a Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) meter with clients. Galvanic Skin Response (also called electro-dermal response) is a measure of the electrical conductivity of the skin. If I am using a GSR meter within a session, I first connect my clients to device by placing electrodes on two fingers on the same hand. After several minutes, I take an initial baseline reading. During the session, the meter readings will rise and fall in line with the emotional arousal of the client. In essence, the greater the presence of water and salt on the skin, the more conductive of electricity the skin is. Changes in sweat production in the fingertips can occur for a number of physiological reasons; however, there is a correlation between electrical conductivity of the skin and emotional arousal. A higher GSR reading tends to reflect an increase in emotional arousal (whether that emotion be anger, stress, anxiety, and startle response).

Whilst therapists develop great sensory acuity though many client hours experience, the GSR meter provides another tool to provide a clue that something is happening for the client. It is of particular use in hypnoanalysis or regression when the client has accessed an emotional memory and is experiencing it vividly. Whilst abreactions are easily spotted by a therapist, the GSR meter provides an early sign of emotional arousal that may assist the exploration of the traumatic material. The GSR reading can also be useful for testing the change in the client’s emotional arousal regarding phobias before and after the change work has been completed. The client’s responsiveness to hypnotic induction is clearly demonstrated by a falling reading on the GSR meter. The device can, therefore, be used to indicate when the client is deep enough into trance to make suggestions more direct. I recently conducted a hypnotherapy session and during a section about learning new skills, I mentioned being back at school to access and utilise that regressed learning state that children possess (this is a popular approach popularised by the late renowned hypnotherapist Milton Erickson). The meter rose rapidly at this moment although there were no visible changes to skin tone, breathing rate etc. At the end of the session, my client explained that she had enjoyed the experience but mention of the school had reminded her of a time when she had been bullied. Whilst not a significant event, it was nevertheless a demonstration of the usefulness of GSR meters within a therapeutic setting.

Biofeedback devices will never replace the skill of a therapist nor the importance of watching and listening but they can be a useful adjunct to the therapists toolkit in certain situations.

Paul Reed is a Registered Hypnotherapist, Psychotherapist, Master NLP Practioner and Life Coach. He runs a private practice in Chichester, West Sussex, UK. Visit his website at


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Ericksonian Hypnosis More Positive Approach

by Hypnotizer on Aug.18, 2010, under Hypnosis

Authoritative commands are usually associated with hypnosis with the subjects being told they are going to sleep and that they will perform certain acts. The voice seems to be commanding and generally appear to work on many people. There are some, however who do not respond to command hypnosis and Ericksonian hypnosis may be needed.

Dr. Milton Erickson developed the Ericksonian hypnosis technique for positive suggestion during hypnosis as opposed to the typical command suggestion, claiming it enabled his patients to conceptualize the task and to alter behavior during fewer sessions. He was also a believer in self-hypnosis based on his own experiences as a child suffering with polio.

During hypnosis a person is in a trance-like state in which the subconscious mind is open to receiving suggestions, as well as open to releasing information of which the conscious mind may not be aware. It is during this state of mind the Ericksonian hypnosis method becomes more clear, especially in establishing future behaviors.

During typical command hypnosis, the subject is given what amounts to commands to perform a specific task or to think in a certain way. Typically, a command is more of a negative suggestion and a person’s mind first has to contemplate the negative before it can accept a positive change, a scenario not involved in Ericksonian hypnosis.

Powers Of Positive Suggestion

An example often cited is telling a young child not to spill his full glass of milk while walking, usually ends with the child looking at his glass and spilling the milk, at which time he is typically scolded for spilling. The Ericksonian hypnosis method utilizes positive suggestions such as telling the child they are doing good, just a little further and typically the milk arrived safely in the glass.

At the end of the journey they are lauded for their success and if an accident does occur, they are offered sympathy such as telling them that maybe the glass was too full. By offering positive re-enforcement, Ericksonian hypnosis makes revisiting the session by the subconscious mind a more pleasant journey and more willingly taken one.

Another method invoked in Ericksonian hypnosis is to provide subjects with what her termed a double bind, or two negative options and allowing the subject to then choose the one of least resistance. He typically found this helpful when the subject was displaying mild to moderate resistance to entering a hypnotic trance.

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What is Hypnosis and is it Effective?

by Hypnotizer on Jul.29, 2010, under Hypnosis


Most people think they know what hypnosis is, even most practitioners. Merriam Webster Dictionary says this:


“Hypnosis (from the Greek hypnos, “sleep”) is often thought to be “a trance-like state that resembles sleep but is induced by a person whose suggestions are readily accepted by the subject.”


Notice the part that says “is often thought to be.” The simple truth is that there is no one universally accepted definition for hypnosis. Terms like altered state of consciousness, heightened suggestibility, dissociation, trance, auto-suggestion, even role playing have been used and fiercely defended. Perhaps the broadest definition and the one I find most helpful comes from The American Society of Clinical Hypnosis’s web site, which says ” Hypnosis is a state of inner absorption, concentration and focused attention.


While this definition of hypnosis pretty well describes what most of us think of as hypnosis, it also describes states caused by various forms of meditation, drugs, ritual, rhythmic percussion and dancing, even intense concentration induced by competition and involvement in movies, music, dancing or other forms of entertainment, or deep conversation. Even driving can alter our awareness. Have you ever passed the turn-off you wanted only to realize later that you missed it, or had driven safely for long distances with no memory of having done so? That’s termed highway hypnosis.


So with all these varying ideas about hypnosis, is it real? Scientific American believes so. The Truth and Hype of Hypnosis, cites positive clinical evidence for the use of hypnosis in the management of pain and finds that hypnosis can boost the effectiveness of psychotherapy for obesity, insomnia and anxiety. A compilation of clinical studies by the Institute of Noetic Sciences suggest that similar benefits can be achieved through the use on non-religious meditation, which also induces an altered state of consciousness. I’ve had excellent personal results using meditation based Stress Reduction Program developed by the University of Massachusetts Medical Center.


Hypnosis is Real and Effective


Yes, hypnosis is real and effective for use in a wide range of situations: from pain management to removal of warts – especially with children – to enhanced sports performance. However, as you would expect with anything as shrouded in mystery and urban myth as hypnosis, there is also an awful lot of misinformation floating around. This misinformation ranges from marketing BS to misunderstanding, to wishful thinking, to superstition, to anti-medical establishment rants, and the list goes on.




Some people claim that all hypnosis is self-hypnosis. That statement is unprovable either way. What we do know is that self-hypnosis, practiced regularly can provide many of the benefits offered by hypnotherapy and is also useful in helping to achieve peak performance, focused attention and relaxation.


While the ability to be hypnotized seems to be innate and follows a bell curve, skill with self-hypnosis needs to be learned and practiced. Just because you can be easily hypnotized does not mean that you will achieve immediate results. It’s the age old difference between talent and skill. A less talented person who practices regularly will out perform the more talented but less practiced one. Self-hypnosis, meditation, or auto-suggestion works best when used regularly.


There are two basic methods for practicing self-hypnosis. You may maintain active control of your state and use imagery or auto-suggestion. This works for many people. Others prefer to record their suggestions and play them back for their hypnosis sessions. As I tend to go quickly into a pretty deep trance the latter method works best for me. By the time I’ve achieved trance my mind has trouble focusing enough to do what I intended to do while in hypnosis.


Some things to watch out for when considering hypnosis


Hypnosis is not a substitute for professional medical or psychological care. If you have a serious problem see a professional. That does not mean a “Certified Hypnotherapist.” It means finding somebody who can treat your problem without hypnosis but who can use hypnosis as an extra tool. Used in combination with other therapies, by a qualified practitioner, hypnosis often improves or speeds positive outcomes.


Hypnosis training is not standardized


As helpful as hypnosis can be as a therapeutic or self-help tool, we have to be very careful what claims we listen to. With a field in which anybody with a couple hundred dollars can attend a weekend workshop and come out a “Certified Hypnotherapist”, we have to expect a lack of critical thinking and exaggerated claims. Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP) which is partly based on the hypno-therapeutic work of Milton Erickson has, in particular, contributed to a great deal of controversy and accusations of exaggerated claims. A Google search of “NLP controversy returns almost seventy three thousand pages. I suppose in our instant-on world any person promising quick and easy solutions to life’s problems will attract a lot of interest. It’s not that hypnosis and hypnotherapy aren’t useful tools, we just need to examine self-promoting claims. As with most things in life, if it seems too-good-to-be-true, it probably is.


The Problems with Regressions


One particular use of hypnosis is especially controversial, memory retrieval. Hypnosis can be used to uncover repressed memories. It can also be used to implant false memories. It takes a clinical practitioner of great skill who maintains great ongoing awareness to cleanly expose memories. Even then there is still a question of the validity of those memories. False Memory Syndrome is real. Recollections “uncovered” by hypnosis can be very vivid. They can also be induced by suggestion.  Unless recovered with the help of a skilled forensic hypnotist, such memories should be treated as therapeutic metaphors, not facts. They may be useful metaphors within the context of therapy but the likelihood of those memories being historically accurate is small.


Past Life Regressions


Another controversial use of hypnosis is for past life regressions. Past life regression (PLR) is the alleged journeying into one’s past lives while hypnotized. This practice is at least fifty years old and has been used both therapeutically and for self-exploration. Popularized by Brian Weiss M.D. in his book Many Lives, Many Masters, PLR is something that every hypnotherapist gets asked about. Again, considering how easily supposed memories can be induced by the phrasing of the hypnotist, the “truth” of most PLRs is questionable, at best, though they may seem very real when experienced.


”A marked emotional experience during the hypnotic regression provides no assurance that memories of a real previous life were recovered. The subjective experience of reliving a previous life may be impressive to the person having the experience, and yet the “previous life” may be a fantasy, like most of our dreams.”


Ian Stevenson, M.D., University of Virginia


That said, there are therapists, like Dr. Weiss, who do achieve positive outcomes using the technique. Whether the benefits are a side effect of a good therapist being a good therapist or PLR specifically is responsible is unknown. It might be helpful to consider that there are many schools of psychotherapy, but statistical surveys show similar positive client outcomes, regardless of the type of therapy the therapists use. PLR outcomes fall into low end of the standard outcomes range.


PLR can be entertaining, though. Whether we live multiple incarnations or not is a religious question that I’m not remotely qualified to address. It is interesting to note that in an extremely small number of cases people undergoing PLR, such as the woman recorded in the Bloxham Tapes, do seem to recall accurate historical details. And their recollections cannot be adequately written off as due to cryptomnesia (you learned something previously but forgot you know 

Recovering psychotherapist and Mac geek, Michael lives in the beautiful Pacific Northwest.

His site is Mystic Cowboy

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10 Things You Need to Know About NLP

by Hypnotizer on Jul.29, 2010, under Hypnosis

1) NLP stands for Neuro-Linguistic Programming

- Neuro refers to the neurological pathways in the brain
- Linguistic refers to the primary way we, as humans, share experience
- Programming refers to ‘repeatable’ behaviours (generally of an unconscious origin)

2) NLP is about Subjective Human Experience

How individuals respond to the ‘reality’ that is ‘out there’, turn it into a reality which is ‘in here’ (pointing to my head) and relate to that experience is the primary interest of NL{

3) NLP was created by John Grinder and Richard Bandler

For the most part this is true, if an oversimplification. NLP refers to the set of tools and approaches defined and collated by Bandler and Grinder in the 1970’s which were directly influenced by behaviourist approaches to human learning; post-modern philosophical ideas like radical-constructivism and the Human Potential Movement.

Key in the development of early NLP ‘models’ were Milton Erickson, Virginia Satir and Fritz Perls whose technique and communication patterns were studied by Grinder, Bandler, Pucelik and others.

4) NLP is about Change

Change is the only constant in the universe. NLP is about supporting change within the individual, change in their behaviours and change in the way the relate to themselves and others. The various NLP tools and approaches support the individual in exploring how their beliefs, attitudes and attitudes drive their perceptions and responses to the world.

5) NLP is about ‘excellence’

NLP practitioners often talk about excellence and the notion of ‘modeling’ it. There is a presupposition that if one person can do something, finding out about HOW they do WHAT they do could be of benefit to others. By modeling communication patterns, behavioural responses and thought processes insights into effective and affective behaviours can be gained.

6) NLP makes broad sweeping generalisations

This is true in as far as the presuppositions which lie at the core of NLP are simply statements of possibility. They are ideas about the nature of perception, behaviour and the way the world works. They are linked by a question which seeks to discover “what would happen if this generalisation were true…?” or “what other choices would be possible if this were true?

7 NLP is Solutions Focussed

NLP is not about the historical causes of a particular issue or challenge, it is about the current responses to it and the changes that could/can be made to reach/define a more desirable outcome. In this respect NLP challenges current attitudes and possible resistance to change and helps chart a course to a more resourceful future.

8 NLP is about questioning

One of the ‘key’ models in NLP is called the “Meta Model”. This is a framework which is used to connect what is being said by a person to the deeper meanings or truths not stated and the implied values and belief systems. What we say is a short hand version of what we could say or might want to say, feel or would like to feel, think or might want to think. An experienced NLP Practitioner will ask a series of questions, some playful some provoking a lot of thought. in order to connect the ‘words’ with the ‘internal experience’. In doing so the individual can explore the choices they make and the behaviours they adopt.

9 NLP is generative

NLP is always about creating choices and exploring those choices. There is the fundamental belief that the person with the greatest behavioural flexibility will perform better in a range of tasks, challenges and situations.

10 NLP is Holistic

NLP considers the link between Mind and Body; Emotions and Experience; Behaviours and Values. As such it recognises the importance of an individuals belief system. As an approach it will support the individual in questioning any limiting beliefs, behaviours and attitudes and defining empowering beliefs, values and attitudes.

NLP in the therapeutic context can help support people who have a range of behavioural challenges – these would include issues surrounding habits, phobias, self-confidence, inter-personal communication skills, dealing with emotions (anger management) and so forth.

NLP in the coaching context can support individuals, teams and organisations in managing and inspiring change. It helps define targets and goals and the behaviours required to meet those targets and goals.

NLP in the educational context is about teaching, learning, memory and thinking. It is about being able to ask questions, motivate learners and define outcomes.

NLP in the business context is about communicating values, messages and ideas to others in effective, relevant ways.

NLP is an attitude to life – a way of thinking about the world which encourages reflection, focus and action.

Author Bio

Dr Alan Jones in an NLP Trainer, Motivational Speaker and Educational Coach who has worked with a wide range of clients including international organisations, education authorities, professional training providers and individuals. He is an Accredited de Bono Thinking Skills Consultant.

His colleagues recognise not only his particular skills as a trainer and presenter but also his eclectic interests. He is a magician (Member of the Magic Circle), mentalist, writer and broadcaster.

His ‘pet’ personal projects are Magic 4 Learning (teaching personal and learning skills through magic and conjuring); The Rational Mystic (bringing skepticism, mysticism and critical thinking together); EQUALISE (a Peer Mentoring project based upon key aspects of Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Literacy) and Mind Alignment/Achieve! – a project built upon NLP principles, aspects of Transpersonal Psychology and Emotional Intelligence which aims to inspire, motivate and encourage personal change.

You can find out more about his work by visiting

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Stress Reduction NLP

by Hypnotizer on Jul.12, 2010, under Hypnosis

Following on from our previous article, Reducing Stress – Key Success Factors, we will now look at practical ways in which you can reduce stress and anxiety, without recourse to drugs or other expensive and time consuming treatments.

These practical ways are based around NLP – Neuro Linguistic Programming – and we must first understand what this is.

Neuro Linguistic Programming is a collection of techniques that allow us to understand how our minds work, and apply this knowledge so that we can achieve greater success in life and make positive changes to better ourselves.

It is unsurprising therefore that NLP has its basis in Psychology. NLP was founded by John Grinder and Richard Bandler back in the 1970s. Working together, they found a way to turn excellent behaviour into a process. They then sought to teach that process to others, so that anyone can learn excellent behaviour. Their work is based upon their study of eminent experts in human behaviour, including Virginia Satir, Gregory Bateson, Milton Erickson and Fritz Perls.

Bandler and Grinder initially studied these eminent therapists and found them to be excellent communicators – they all generated amazing changes with their clients purely through their conversations and the clever use of their language with their clients. This is where Bandler and Grindler came up with the term Neuro Linguistic Programming:

Neuro – How we use our nervous system to experience the world around us. All the information that enters into our brain using our five senses of sight, sound, touch, smell and taste.

Linguistic – How we use language and other non-verbal communication systems to interpret this information – pictures (is it focussed and clear or hazy), sounds (is it a loud or quiet noise), touch (does it feel rough or smooth), smell (does it smell fresh as a daisy or is it an odour of decay), taste (does it taste too salty or too sweet).

Programming – Once we have interpreted all this information, we run programmes (often unconsciously) to get things done. We are not aware that we are running them; they are just part of our routine. For example, brushing our teeth twice a day, or washing our face, or our daily drive in to work. Using all the information in our mind we can find out what is in that programme. If there’s something that needs changing we can do so. For example if you can write presentations easily but get anxious about standing up and actually presenting, or you find it easy to talk to your boss informally but get nervous when you ask for a promotion or pay rise, or you play sports excellently for fun but always lose in competitions, NLP can help.

NLP teaches you how to change your unwanted actions into excellent actions and behaviours, so instead of feeling anxious about having to lead the client presentation and how you might mess this up, your behaviour would be to feel excited and motivated about how well you will be able to lead the client presentation.

NLP is formed around the concept that all behaviour is rooted in the unconscious mind. The unconscious mind is the bit of the brain that is always functioning, and runs all our necessary programmes, even though we are not aware of this, like making sure we keep breathing when we are sleeping.

The unconscious mind stores all our memories, processes all our experiences, filters everything we feel, hear, see, taste and smell, and it attaches emotion to everything we do.

NLP shows us how to access our unconscious minds, and also provides techniques for making changes at the unconscious level. Because the change is unconscious, it is easier, faster and more permanent.

Consider this example – A few years ago I was standing in my friend’s garden with her, her husband and her two year old son, who was playing at her feet. A large cat suddenly jumped onto her garden wall. She screamed and grabbed her son. He instantly picked up on her fear and started crying. The cat stayed immobile on the wall. Her husband, annoyed that she had taught their son to be frightened of cats, took him from her, and tried to show him that the cat was friendly, but his son was terrified, even though the cat had not attacked anyone. He had learned, in an instant, to be afraid of cats.

Anxiety is a learnt behaviour. The brain does not differentiate between a wanted or unwanted behaviour. It just does things to get results. So, where you have learnt to feel anxious in a situation, you can unlearn that too.

You can also learn positive behaviours instantly. If you change your hair style and everyone tells you how great it looks, you automatically style it that way more often.

Every time you have a moment of realisation like this, your brain makes a new connection and you are learning.

And it is in this ability to use NLP techniques to unlearn unwanted behaviour, and learn desired behaviour, that one solution to anxiety lays.

Look out for the next article in this series shortly.

Heena Pattni, Anxiety Treatment Specialist, is committed to providing professional women with tailored, painless, effective and long-lasting solutions to their anxiety, stress and related issues, using powerful NLP Therapy, Time Line Therapy™ and Hypnotherapy techniques. She is committed to providing them with the ongoing resources to maintain the positive changes they make during their time with her, freeing her clients to pursue their goals with increased confidence, motivation and determination. Visit us at

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The History Of Hypnosis Revealed

by Hypnotizer on Jun.27, 2010, under Hypnosis

When it comes to exploring the history of hypnotism, you will find both scientific and unscientific pit stops throughout time. There is also an artistic aspect that warrants attention regarding the subject. As you study the records associated with this unique mental journey, an assortment of characters illustrate the power that hypnosis has possessed throughout the years.

To truly appreciate the longevity of hypnosis, it is vital to take a look at its use throughout ancient civilizations. While there is evidence showcasing the use of hypnosis rituals during pre-historic times, you may find one of the first intriguing visual accounts through hieroglyphics decorating the early 3000 BC tombs of ancient Egyptians. It is believed that hypnotism was utilized within various “sleep temples,” which had connections to healing or religion.

Throughout ancient history, a wide range of ancient proof surrounds the fact that hypnotism was understood and practiced during numerous medicinal practices and rituals. Celtic druids to ancient Greeks to Chinese religious leaders have all shown a respect for hypnotism, as the accomplishment was also prevalent throughout Africa, Persia and South America. It is even thought that details regarding the practice of hypnosis can be found throughout the pages of the Jewish Scriptures and the Hindu Vedas.

Surrounded by spiritualism, magic and divine power, hypnotism was met with plenty of opposition for those who questioned this mysterious practice and technique. During the early years, hypnosis was a popular exercise associated with shamans, witch doctors, as well as high priests. With each passing year, there have been thousands of influences upon hypnosis, as scientific, as well as unscientific approaches contributed to the advancement of this captivating entity.

Hypnosis in the 1700s

During the 1700s, one of the most well known figures in hypnosis history is an Austrian by the name of Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815). Throughout the 18th century, he led the way in the usage of trace, which earned him the nickname, “Father of Hypnosis.” It is also through his name that we find the term, “mesmerism.”

At the urging of Mozart, Mesmer purchased a space where he could perform magical “cures” on people. While many praised his healing powers, which were often accompanied with lights and other gimmicks, there were others who dismissed his results as a figment of the imagination. One notable critic was none other than Benjamin Franklin.

Hypnosis During the 1800s

In France, one of the first scientific explorations regarding hypnosis took place with the help of Abbe Castodi de Faria. He investigated the ins and outs of the practice as it related to trances and willing participants. Faria is also credited with establishing what is known as the “fixed-gaze method,” which became a rage throughout stage hypnotism shows.

Also during this time, without the effort of John Elliotson of England, the use of magnetism and hypnosis may have never found its way in easing the pain of surgery. As for the concept of autosuggestion, the thoughts and teachings of Emile Coue brought this to the public. Coue contended that all hypnosis was influenced by self-hypnotic techniques.

But during the 1800s, it was the work of Dr. James Braid that really catapulted hypnosis. Through his studies, suggestibility, as it related to trance, was thought to be an individual occurrence. Using vocal suggestion, he was able to explore the influence that hypnotists had on their subjects. Braid is also honored for discovering “waking hypnosis.”

Entering the 20th Century

The history of hypnotism travels throughout a vast record in time. It was used to treat trauma victims during both World Wars. Dentists utilized its power as hypnotic-anesthesia. In 1955, the British Medical Association began to consider hypnotherapy as a legitimate medical treatment. Three years later, the American Medical Association (AMA) agreed. Following these acknowledgements throughout the medical world, a host of professional associations for hypnotists started to pop up across the globe. To date, the National Guild of Hypnotists is still the oldest and largest of its kind.

During the 20th century, many researchers, doctors and other medical figures began to take interest in learning more about hypnosis. Important strides on the subject were then made by the likes of John Kappas, Ormond McGill, Milton Erickson and Dave Elman.

To explore the history of hypnosis, one will encounter a wealth of personalities who have shaped the way people viewed and accepted the field. Well-known characters, such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Thomas Edison, Winston S. Churchill and Albert Einstein have also shown interest in hypnosis or self-hypnosis.

Clifford Mee is an author, hypnotist and wilderness explorer. You Can Learn Hypnosis with his Hypnosis Training & Hypnosis Cds at

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Using Embedded Commands For Seduction

by Hypnotizer on Apr.24, 2010, under Hypnosis

When you intend to seduce either a woman or man it pays to have a plan and one of the very best seduction techniques you could ever learn are embedded commands. The idea behind embedded commands came from Milton Erickson and was later fine tuned by John Grinder and Richard Bandler, the co-founders of NLP. There are many uses for embedded commands but in this article I will concentrate on how they can be used to seduce anyone you desire.

Embedded commands work by planting a thought or idea into the mind of the person you are trying to seduce. So, for example, if I was talking to an attractive woman that I had met via strange circumstances I might  say to her “Isn’t it funny we should be together like this?”. It’s a perfectly natural piece of conversation but within the question you will notice the command “we should be together”. This places the idea in the woman’s mind that it would be a good idea for us to get together.

At this juncture I would like to mention the importance of the tone of your voice while delivering embedded commands. They are called commands for a reason, they should be spoken in the manner of a command. That doesn’t mean you need to seem stern and authorities though (although it is a good idea to appear in control of the situation if you are a man looking to seduce a woman). Commands should be delivered with a downward inflection. This is in contrast to questions which end with an upward inflection. If you’re not sure what I mean by this say “go to the shop” out-loud to yourself and listen to the commanding tone of your voice.

There are a couple of different formulas that have been designed to help with the creation of embedded commands but I find these to be restrictive and often too obvious or difficult to naturally slip into a conversation. I have come up with a number of embedded commands for the purposes of seduction and I invite you to borrow them as well as create your own.Successfully seduce anyone you want.

“I could sense/feel the excitement…”
“It’s just like me to…”
“Sometimes you have to take a chance…”
“You can find the perfect man/woman (touch or stroke your chin)  for you if you look hard enough.”
“Isn’t it great when you can feel a connection growing?”
“Did it feel good?”
“Could you imagine us in the future?” This one works great after a discussion about life goals.

The embedded commands above can be used on a man or woman.

Before you start trying to seduce people with embedded commands it is important to spend time practicing so that your technique is flawless. If you go out and attempt to use embedded commands without practice your speech will sound awkward and disjointed and you will enjoy no success.

The best way to practice and master the use of embedded commands for seduction is first by creating a number of commands that flow well with your regular speech patterns. Commands don’t have to be complicated so this part should be easy. Once you have an arsenal of embedded commands, practice speaking them into a dictaphone (many cell phones now have this capability).

Keep practicing and playing your recordings back to yourself until your embedded commands flow smoothly to the point where you believe no-one would ever suspect that you are using this powerful seduction technique.

When you are ready you can begin using these commands while talking to a potential partner. Pay close attention to how they react whilst you are speaking to them. Some commands will work better than others, try to gauge which ones have the desired effect and which ones don’t. This way you can edit your embedded commands for the future, keep the good ones and ditch bad ones.

If you stumble the first few times in a real social situation don’t worry. It is perfectly natural as you are now in a new and stimulating environment. You will soon find yourself settling into a rhythm where embedded commands become second nature to you.

Do not forget that the dance of seduction is a two way conversation not a monologue so make sure to listen just as much as you talk.

Please be responsible with this technique.

Doug Slater.

Doug Slater

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